Asperger syndrome (AS) is a developmental disorder. It is an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), one of a distinct group of neurological conditions characterized by a greater or lesser degree of impairment in language and communication skills, as well as repetitive or restrictive patterns of thought and behavior. Other ASDs include: classic autism, Rett syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified. Unlike children with autism, children with AS retain their early language skills. The most distinguishing symptom of AS is a child’s obsessive interest in a single object or topic to the exclusion of any other.
Children with AS are isolated because of their poor social skills and narrow interests and usually have a history of developmental delays in motor skills such as pedaling a bike, catching a ball, or climbing outdoor play equipment.
The ideal treatment for AS coordinates therapies that address poor communication skills, obsessive or repetitive routines, and physical clumsiness. An effective early intervention program focuses on structured activities with regular behavior reinforcement along with social skills training and cognitive behavioral therapy.